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Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg

NAME: Mark Zuckerberg

BORN/DIED: 14th May 1984

JOB: Computer Programmer, Internet entrepreneur

KEY FACTS: Zuckerberg was born in New York and excelled at school. He began to use computers to write software while at middle school and went on to study computer science at Harvard. While he was there, he launched a website called ‘facemash’ where students could choose the best looking person from a choice of photos. However, Harvard closed the site down and Zuckerberg apologised publicly for using photos without permission. By Jan 2004 he had begun to write the code for Facebook. Facebook has since gone from strength-to-strength, making Zuckerberg one of the richest people in the world.

ACHIEVEMENTS: Zuckerberg is the co-founder of Facebook and is currently ranked by Forbes as the 5th richest person in the world. He and his wife give a lot of their wealth to good causes.

Valentina Tereshkova

Valentina Tereshkova

NAME: Valentina Tereshkova (Russian)

BORN/DIED: 6th March 1937

JOB: Astronaut, Engineer, Politician

KEY FACTS: Valentina Tereshkova was born in central Russia. she became interested in skydiving from a young age, making her first jump at the age of 22. In 1922, Valentina was selected to join Russia’s ‘Cosmonaut Corps’. At the time, they were looking for a parachutist under the age of 30 – Valentina fitted this description.

After undergoing lots of training, Valentina piloted the Vostok 6 flight, aged just 26. During this flight she orbited the earth 48 times and spent almost three days in space. She went on to train as a cosmonaut engineer. She was also chosen for several political positions.

ACHIEVEMENTS: She is the first woman to have flown into space. She is seen as a hero in post Soviet Russia for her political work.

Mary Seacole

Mary Seacole

NAME: Mary Seacole

BORN/DIED: 23rd November 1805 – 14th May 1881

JOB: Nurse

KEY FACTS: Mary was born in Kingston, Jamaica. Her father was Scottish while her mother was from the West Indies. Her mother ran a hotel and Mary spent her childhood learning from her mother and helping her to create natural medicines. Mary decided to become a nurse and spent a period of time travelling around the world. When Mary heard about the Crimean War, she travelled to Crimea to help the injured soldiers. It was there she gained the nickname of ‘Mother Seacole’ for her efforts to help the wounded. She even ventured out onto the battlefields in order to do so.

ACHIEVEMENTS: A statue of Mary can be found outside St Thomas’ Hospital in London. She was also posthumously awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit in 1991.

Sally Rides

Sally Rides
Sally Rides

NAME: Sally Rides

BORN/DIED: May 26, 1951 – July 23, 2012

JOB: Astronaut, Physicist

KEY FACTS: Ride joined NASA in 1978 and became the first American woman in space in 1983. She remains the youngest American to travel into space, aged 32 at the time. After leaving NASA she worked as a professor of physics and also involved herself in public-outreach programs for NASA.

ACHIEVEMENTS: She has won many awards including the National Space Society’s von Braun Award and the NASA Space Flight Medal. Two schools in America are also named after her.

Florence Nightingale

Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale

NAME: Florence Nightingale

BORN/DIED: 12th May 1820 – 13th August 1913

JOB: Nurse

KEY FACTS: Florence was born into a wealthy family and received a good education. She wanted to help other people so decided to train to be a nurse. At the time, this was not thought to a suitable profession for a well educated woman. When the Crimean War broke out in 1854 Florence helped to care for wounded soldiers. She helped to give nursing a favourable reputation and gained the nickname ‘the lady with the light’.

ACHIEVEMENTS: She is known as the founder of modern nursing and established a nursing school at St Thomas’ Hospital in London. The Florence Nightingale Medal, the highest international distinction a nurse can achieve, was named in her honour and the annual International Nurses Day is celebrated around the world on her birthday.

Sir Isaac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton

NAME: Sir Isaac Newton (English)

BORN/DIED: 25th Dec 1643 – 20th March 1727

JOB: Astronomer, Mathematician, Physicist

KEY FACTS: Isaac Newton was born in Lincolnshire, England. His mother removed him from school when he was about 17yrs old and attempted to make a farmer of him. However, Newton hated farming and instead managed to get back into school where he became one of the top students. He studied at Cambridge University and went on to become a fellow there.

During his lifetime, Newton made many advancements to scientific thinking. He developed the theory of gravity, the laws of motion, a new type of mathematics called calculus and advanced the field of optics through his observations with a reflecting telescope.

ACHIEVEMENTS: He is recognised as one of the most influential scientists of all time. His most important piece of work was called Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (mathematical principals of modern philosophy).

Elon Musk

Elon Musk
Elon Musk

NAME: Elon Musk

BORN/DIED: 28th June 1971

JOB: Entrepreneur, Inventor, Investor, Engineer

KEY FACTS: Elon grew up in South Africa and developed a real love for reading. He was severely bullied at school. At the age of 12 he taught himself computer programming. He went on to study physics at University and became a U.S. citizen. Throughout his career so far, Musk has been involved in many entrepreneurial projects including co-founding PayPal, becoming the CEO of Tesla Motors and founding Space X. He also unveiled the concept of a high-speed transport network called Hyperloop.

ACHIEVEMENTS: Musk has won many awards such as entrepreneur and innovator of the year and is estimated to be the 80th most wealthy person in the world. His work with projects such as Space X and Hyperloop aims to change the world by creating sustainable methods of transport and reducing global warming.

Freidrich Mohs

Friedrich Mohs
Friedrich Mohs

NAME: Freidrich Mohs (German)

BORN/DIED: 29th Jan 1773 – 29th Sept 1839

JOB: Geologist, Mineralogist

KEY FACTS: Freidrich Mohs was born in Germany. He was well educated and studied physics, chemistry and mathematics at university. He worked in a mine and developed an interest in minerals. He later took a job in Austria where he was required to sort minerals by their physical characteristics. This led him to develop a hardness scale (the hardest mineral, diamond, was given the value of 10 and the softest, talc, was given a value of 1). He realised that some minerals could scratch others and if they could make a scratch on another then they must be harder.

ACHIEVEMENTS: He is well known for his creation of ‘Moh’s scale of hardness’.

Maria Mitchell

Maria Mitchell
Maria Mitchell

NAME: Maria Mitchell

BORN/DIED: 2nd April 1647 – 13th January 1717

JOB: Astronomer

KEY FACTS: Maria was born in Massachusetts, USA. Her family were Quakers and their community believed in equal rights for women. This was very unusual for the time but meant that Maria received a good education. At home, Maria’s Dad taught her astronomy using his telescope. On the 1st October 1847, Maria discovered ‘Miss Mitchell’s Comet’. This discovery earned her worldwide fame and a special gold prize from the King of Denmark.

ACHIEVEMENTS: After her discovery of ‘Miss Mitchell’s Comet’, Maria became the first woman elected to the
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1850.

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